...where the EAST meets the WEST

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VISION TALK by

Revered Prof. Prem Saran Satsangi

Chair (East)

Chairman, Advisory Committee on Education, Dayalbagh Educational Institute, India

Revered Prof. Prem Saran Satsangi, the father of systems movement in India, having graduated with a B.Sc. in Electrical Engineering from the Banaras Hindu University (presently Indian Institute of Technology, Banaras), pursued M.S from the Department of Electrical Engineering, the Michigan State University, USA. Prof. Satsangi earned his Ph.D. in the field of Socio-economic system from the University of Waterloo, Canada. Rev. Prof. Satsangi took voluntary retirement from the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi to serve as the honorary Director (CEO), Dayalbagh Educational Institute (a deemed university).

Prof.  Satsangi has generalized the application of physical systems theory in his systemic research from “real” physical systems to a variety of “conceptual” socioeconomic-environmental systems. He has succeeded in extending physical systems theory as a rudimentary modelling framework for complete “creational” system, including not only physical processes, but also “esoteric” mental and spiritual processes.

On May 18, 2003  a gathering in Dayalbagh of about 25,000 representatives of the approximately half a million members (followers) of Radhasoami Faith (“Radhasoami Satsang” Dayalbagh) from all over India and abroad, proclaimed Prof.Prem Saran Satsangi unanimously as their leader for lifetime to lead the Radhasoami Satsang Community.

Prof. Prem Saran Satsangi, the eighth spiritual leader of the Radhasoami Faith, Dayalbagh, is the Chairman of the Advisory Committee on Education (ACE), Dayalbagh Educational Institute.

TSC 2013, D.E.I., Agra.

Prof. Peter H. Roe

Emeritus Chair (West)

Professor Emeritus, Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo, Canada

Peter Roe was born in England and spent his childhood in Britain, Iran and Canada. He moved permanently to Canada in 1951 and became a Canadian citizen in 1972. His secondary education was in the UK; he obtained the B.A.Sc. (Engineering Physics) from the University of Toronto in 1959, the M.Sc. (Applied Mathematics) and the Ph.D. (Electrical Engineering) from the University of Waterloo in 1960 and 1963, respectively. Dr. Roe was a faculty member at the
University of Waterloo continuously since 1959. He held visiting professorships in a variety of Universities, including Dartmouth College, U.S.A., The Technical University of Compiègne, France, The Open University, UK, and the Technical University of Nova Scotia, Canada. Prof. Roe was one of the founders of the Department of Systems Design Engineering at the University of Waterloo. He is the author/co-author of three books and more than 150 technical papers and was the supervisor of over 40 Masters and doctoral students during his active professorial career. Dr. Roe held several administrative positions at Waterloo, including Associate Deanships both for undergraduate and for graduate studies in the Faculty of Engineering. Subsequent to his retirement from active professorship in 2002 he was Director of International Exchange programs for the Faculty of Engineering until his final retirement from the University in 2014. Dr. Roe is also a Knight Commander of the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem. He was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and
Manufactures, London. In 2009 He received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the DEI for his contributions to System Theory, and was recognized in 2019 as a “Doyen of System Science and Engineering” by the Systems Society of India.

Some Questions about consciousness

Seven years ago, my late friend and colleague, Prof. J.B. Ellis, and I,  presented talks at the DEI on the occasion of TSC 2013.  Later, in 2016, we jointly wrote a chapter in a summary book, edited by Professors P.S. Satsangi and Stuart Hameroff .  We had reached tentative conclusions about the nature of consciousness in those presentations and that chapter; those positions lead to questions that deserve definitive answers.  The purpose of this presentation is to pose again some of these questions and elicit responses about progress in the Science of Consciousness in the intervening seven years.  These questions are grouped as: Everyday human and animal consciousness, Penrose-Hameroff ORCH-OR and practical applications, Group, herd and species consciousness, Consciousness of organisms that have no brain, and of inanimate entities. The presentation does not seek to answer such questions, merely to suggest that we should be mindful of them.

PANEL DISCUSSION

Mr. Prem Prashant

Moderator

President, D.E.I. & Radhasoami Satsang Sabha, Dayalbagh (Sponsoring Body of D.E.I.)

PANELISTS

1. Keynote Speakers.

2. Representatives of D.E.I. & Radhasoami Satsang Sabha, Dayalbagh (Sponsoring Body of D.E.I.).

KEYNOTE ADDRESSES

Prof. Andrea Diem Lane

Mt. San Antonio College

Andrea Diem-Lane is a Professor of Philosophy and currently the Chair of the Philosophy Department at Mt. San Antonio College. She received her Ph.D. and M.A. from the University of California, Santa Barbara and her B.A. in Psychology from the University of California, San Diego. Dr. Diem-Lane is the author of over 10 books, including The Cerebral Mirage, How to Study the Sacred, The Jain Path, The Gnostic Mystery, Spooky Physics, etc. She is well known for her groundbreaking study, The Guru in America: The Influence of Radhasoami on New Religions (1995) which details how such movements as Eckankar and MSIA have been influenced by the teachings of Shiv Dayal Singh and his successors. Her latest publication is an annotated bibliography on Eckankar for Oxford University Press.

 

Dr. Diem is currently doing research on the future of artificial intelligence and how it will impact education in the next decade.  On a more personal note, she is married to Professor David Christopher Lane with whom she has two boys, Shaun-Michael and Kelly-Joseph. Besides being a strict vegetarian for nearly 40 years, Dr. Diem has been an avid surfer for over 35 years and regularly surfs in Huntington Beach and Newport Beach.

Science, by definition, is an open-ended approach to understand how the world works by observation, experimentation, and modeling. But underlining this human process is our ability to be wrong, to be corrected, and to change our views over time. As such, science invites contravening ideas that can compete with each other. This allows for its progressive nature, since we can then determine which hypothesis better describes a given phenomenon and its range of behavior. While Francis Bacon (1561-1626) is often regarded as the first Western thinker to properly codify what is commonly known today as the scientific method, it may come as a surprise to learn that Jain philosophy, which dates back to before the 6th BCE, has three core beliefs that are contributive and elemental for any budding scientist: Anekāntavāda (अनेकान्तवाद), Syādvāda (स्याद्वाद), and Ahimsā (अहिंसा).

 

The first concept, Anekāntavāda, which means “many-sidedness,” states that truth, like an ocean, has varying features and that our approaches to understand reality are inevitably partial or limited. Thus, whatever stance or position we take must be bracketed, keeping in mind that others may have perceived what we ourselves have not. It engenders an openness to listen to other points of view and seriously take them into consideration. The second concept, Syādvāda, is generally translated to mean that all final appraisements or judgements are tentative since what is theoretically proffered is understood to be potentially uncertain, as in it “may be” or “perhaps could be” or “let’s wait and see.” As in the famous parable of the blind men and an elephant, each believes that what they touch reveals the true nature of the animal. But each man, by their limited feeling, only grasp a small part of the totality of the animal. Likewise, humans in their quest for knowledge always come up short and thus should hold back on any final adjudication, lest they like the blind man confuse a trunk for an entire head, or a twig for a tree, or a wave for an ocean. The third concept, Ahimsā (अहिंसा), which literally translated means “not to injure or harm,” is the most widely known Jain ideal and has far reaching implications. While it is generally viewed as not hurting other sentient beings, ahimsā also applies to how we treat the thoughts and ideas of others. Do we in sharing our ideas give wide berth to what others believe and do we engage with them in a respectful and considered fashion? These three core concepts of Jainism, I would suggest, are also—at least to some measure— part and parcel of a progressive scientific mind. First, science is predicated to a large degree on tolerating and encouraging multiple points of view which can be tested over time (Anekāntavāda), Second, science is never absolute since any theory, even if well established for centuries (e.g., Newton’s law of gravity), can be changed, corrected, and augmented by new discoveries and new information (e.g., Einstein’s general theory of relativity). It is a systematic process which at its center is always tentative and potentially uncertain (Syādvāda). And, third, for any scientific endeavor to flourish it must treat alternative concepts and speculations without prejudice and give sufficient latitude so that new ideas can be properly tested and not dismissed prematurely. In other words, while many hypotheses may indeed be rejected for lack of convincing evidence, respect and toleration (ahimsā) must be accorded lest science devolve into the cesspool of dogmatism.

 

In this presentation, we will be taking a Jainist approach to the current study of consciousness, which far too often has been parochialized into various warring camps. Our goal is to place six of the most viable theories on how and why self-awareness evolved and see what their respective strengths and weaknesses are. Furthermore, following the lead of Niels Bohr, the renowned Nobel prize winning physicist from Denmark, we want to see how the concept of complementarity (reveal one part only to conceal another and vice versa) can also be applied to different theories on consciousness and why the field is perhaps trapped in a Heisenberg-like uncertainty conundrum.

Dr. Anirban Bandhyopadhyay

NIMS, Japan

Anirban Bandyopadhyay is a Senior Scientist at the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), Tsukuba, Japan. Ph.D. in Supramolecular Electronics at the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science (IACS), Kolkata, 2005. 2005 to 2008 ICYS research fellow at the ICYS, NIMS, Japan, worked on the brain-like bio-processor building. In 2008, joined as a permanent scientist at NIMS, working on the cavity resonator model of human brain and design-synthesis of brain-like organic jelly. From 2013 to 2014 he was a visiting scientist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA. Hitachi Science and Technology award 2010, Inamori Foundation award 2011–2012, Kurata Foundation Award, Inamori Foundation Fellow (2011–), and Sewa Society international member, Japan.

A space-time-topology-prime-metric for analyzing the self-operational system
 
We have developed a space-time-topology-prime metric for analyzing the 11D information processing in the brain. In addition to that, we have introduced two unique concepts in brain research. Projection to infinity and feedback from infinity. Using a pattern of primes when we built an architecture of integers, where primes attribute to the geometric shapes, then any architecture of geometric shapes falling on the pattern of primes changes shape. We have investigated different routes of shape change and explored the possibilities of forming an infinite series of geometric shapes if we continue to change, would the apparent shape be different. We found how the geometric shape would look at infinity and then brought it back to the starting point. We call it feedback from infinity. Therefore, two terms, stereographic projection to infinity and feedback from infinity creates a new solution to the starting geometric structure. Space-time-topology-prime metric guides our journey to infinity and feedback from infinity. Using geometric shapes we express every single event happening in the universe.
 

Prof. Elizabeth Behrman

Wichita State University

Dr. Elizabeth C. Behrman earned her bachelor’s in mathematics from Brown University in 1979, her master’s in chemistry and her PhD in physics from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1981 and 1985, respectively. She is currently full professor of both physics and mathematics at Wichita State University in Wichita, Kansas. 

 

Her research interests and publications are broad, with over 80 papers in subjects ranging from chemical kinetics and reaction pathways to ceramic superconductors to nuclear waste vitrification. She was the first to predict the stability of inorganic buckyballs and buckytubes, and among the first to design and computationally test models for quantum neural networks. Her major focus for several decades has been quantum information, particularly quantum machine learning, where her group has published seminal papers on temporal and spatial quantum backpropagation, quantum Hopfield networks, quantum genetic algorithm, quantum Q-learning, and quantum pattern storage.

A quantum hybrid neural network for universal computation 

 

The “Holy Grail” of computation has always been the successful imitation of human cognition: consciousness.  But what is consciousness? How do qualia arise from the physical workings of the brain? What physical mechanisms are responsible? On what scales are the relevant physics? These questions are complex and difficult, and even partial answers will require skills and knowledge from many disciplines. In this talk, I will describe recent advances in quantum machine learning that might shed some light on a possible way forward. 

Prof. Rocco Gennaro

Univ. of Southern Indiana

Dr. Rocco J. Gennaro is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southern Indiana.  He received his Ph.D. in philosophy at Syracuse University in 1991.  Dr. Gennaro’s primary research and teaching interests are in Philosophy of Mind/Cognitive Science (especially consciousness), Metaphysics, Early Modern History of Philosophy, and NeuroEthics.  He has published twelve books (as either sole author or editor) and over fifty articles and book chapters in these areas.  For example, he published the book The Consciousness Paradox: Consciousness, Concepts, and Higher-Order Thoughts (MIT Press, 2012) and edited an anthology entitled Disturbed Consciousness: New Essays on Psychopathologies and Theories of Consciousness (MIT Press, 2015).  More recently, he has edited The Routledge Handbook of Consciousness (Routledge, 2018), published Consciousness (Routledge, 2017) as well as the second edition of his introductory dialogue Mind and Brain: A Dialogue on the Mind-Body Problem (Hackett Publishing Company, 2020) which is substantially revised and updated.

Title: “Self or No-Self?”

Abstract: In this talk, I present various theories of the self including both Western and Buddhist (especially Indian) perspectives.  I will compare and contrast answers to the following questions:  Is there such a thing as the “self”?  If so, what does it consist in?  What evidence is there for its existence?  If there are no-selves, as we find more often in Eastern views, what is the reference of the word “I”?  What explains the widespread illusion that there are selves?  What makes a memory of a past experience “my” memory as opposed to yours?  I will also critique the main views and offer some reason to prefer an alternative “no-self” position.  I will also point out the implications for the prospect of an afterlife and mention a few psychopathologies of self-awareness.

Prof. Anna Horatschek

CAU Kiel

Anna Magaretha Horatschek studied English Literature, Philosophy, and German Literature in Germany and USA. She received her B.A. from UC Berkeley, USA, her PhD from Freiburg with the dissertation Erkenntnis und Realität. Sprachreflexion und Sprachexperiment in den Romanen von Richard Brautigan [Knowledge and Reality. Language Reflection and Language Experiments in the Novels of Richard Brautigan] and her habilitation in Mannheim, Germany, with the thesis Alterität und Stereotyp. Zur Funktionalisierung nationalkultureller Differenz in den ‘International Novels’ von E. M. Forster und D. H. Lawrence. [Alterity and Stereotype. The Function of the Foreign in the ‘International Novels’ of E. M. Forster and D. H. Lawrence]. In 1998, she spent one year as Visiting Professor at the University of Maryland, College Park, USA. From 2000 to 2018, she held the chair as Prof. for English Literature at Kiel University, Germany. Since 2011 she has been a member, and since 2016 she is Vice President of the German Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Hamburg. Her research focuses on knowledge formation, consciousness studies, identity and alterity constructs, (intermedial) representation in English and American Literature, and on transcultural poetics in Indian Literatures in English.

´Oh Adam. This is virtue gone nuts.´ Ethics, Morals, and Consciousness in Ian McEwan´s Machines Like Me (2019)

 

Nick Bostrom in his 2014 book Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies, reasons that the creation of superintelligence might lead to the extinction of mankind, and that humanity urgently has to address ethical questions concerning programming AI. According to a 2016 survey conducted by Müller and Bostrom, 30 % of top experts on AI in the world expect bad or very bad consequences for humanity, if indeed superintelligent HLMI can be developed. And indeed, rules and ethical principles have been developed in the European Parliament as well as in international organisations AAAI (Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence) und IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) to ensure that AI will  benefit  mankind.

Ian McEwans´s 2019 novel Machines Like Me And People Like You dramatizes ethical problems connected with AI with the model case of the superintelligent and hyper-realistic robot named Adam, one of 12 male and 12 female robots designed by Alan Turing himself and sold all over the world. The questions concerning robot and machine ethics are framed by ethical problems in the life world of the unnamed first person narrator: the 1982 undeclared Falkland war, the unpunished rape of a Muslim girl, gendered ethics leading to the suicide of the rape victim, and a dubious revenge concocted by fictitious accusations in court. In my reading, the central problem of the roboethics presented in the fictional text is signalled in the motto of the entire novel, taken from the 1911 poem ´The Secret of the Machines´ by Rudyard Kipling: “But remember, please, the Law by which we live, We are not built to comprehend a lie…” My talk will show that Adam can act according to an ethical programme, but because he cannot comprehend a lie, he cannot act in a morally adequate way. The reason is that he lacks subjective experience and phenomenal consciousness.

Prof. David Christopher Lane

Mt. San Antonio College

David Christopher Lane has been a Professor of Philosophy at Mt. San Antonio College for over 32 years. He has taught at the University of California, San Diego; California State University, Long Beach; California School of Professional Psychology; and the University of London in England, among other institutions. Professor Lane received his Ph.D. and M.A. with a focus on the Sociology of Knowledge from the University of California, San Diego, where he was also a recipient of a Regents Fellowship. He also received another M.A. in the history and phenomenology of religion from the Graduate Theological Union at Berkeley.

 

Dr. Lane has written a number of books, including several controversial studies on new religions, such as The Making of a Spiritual Movement: The Untold Story of Paul Twitchell and Eckankar; Exposing Cults: When the Skeptical Mind Confronts the Mystical; and DA: The Strange Case of Franklin Jones co-authored with Dr. Scott Lowe, Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Wisconsin.

 

Much of Professor Lane’s research has been centered on how certain spiritual traditions in India (such as Radhasoami and Sikhism) have impacted the evolution of new religions in America. This has resulted in a number of published articles and books, including his text, The Radhasoami Tradition: A Critical History of Guru Succession and co-authoring with Professor Mark Juergensmeyer an annotated bibliography on Radhasoami for Oxford University Press.

 

Professor Lane was the first scholar to publish the life and work of Baba Faqir Chand under the title The Unknowing Sage which details the remarkable life of this radical Indian sage. Lane has been instrumental in publishing a number of books and articles on Faqir’s distinctive views and has coined the term “Chandian Effect” to describe how extraordinary experiences occur, even though they ultimately have a scientific explanation. Most recently, Dr. Lane has focused his research on neuroscience, quantum theory, and evolutionary biology. Two of his most recent books in this regard are entitled Is the Universe an App? and The Virtual Reality of Consciousness. Professor Lane has also created over a hundred original short films on such subjects as probability theory, Darwinian evolution, and the future of technology in education. He is the co-founder of the MSAC Philosophy Group which has produced over 200 unique audiobooks.

 

Currently Professor Lane is assisting Professor Mark Juergensmeyer on his new edition of Radhasoami Reality, which will include the latest developments in the history of the movement for the past thirty years. On a more personal note, Dr. Lane is married to Professor Andrea Diem-Lane with whom he has two children, Shaun-Michael and Kelly-Joseph.

Although Plato didn’t know about virtual reality headsets or what such a new-fangled technology could evoke, he did understand better than most that humans do not see reality as it is, but rather how we filter it moment to moment. His famous Allegory of the Cave, which is arguably the single greatest thought experiment in the history of philosophy, explains (via the mouthpiece of Socrates) very simply that we are prisoners who confuse shadows on the wall, which are artificially manufactured by an unseen burning fire, as if they were real “men and other living things.” It is an illusion and as such the imprisoned men are duped.

 

Today with the advent of ever-increasing scientific advances, we are on the threshold of better understanding why consciousness evolved and how it works. Professor Donald Hoffman, the controversial cognitive scientist at the University of Irvine, has taken Plato’s Allegory and given it a computational update, by using the metaphor of a desktop computer, where all we see is the user interface, not the underlying software programming or the hardware circuitry of electron exchanges. Accordingly, what we see/hear/smell/touch around us is a filtering mechanism developed by evolution to ensure that we focus on what will allow us to live long enough to pass on our genetic code.

 

In the past century we have come up with various models to understand consciousness—from Dennett’s multiple drafts to Leary’s eight circuits to Dehaene–Changeux global neuronal workspace, etc.—yet each have been hindered by their use of limited metaphors. This became much more apparent when the computational semblance of the mind faltered when neuroscientists and philosophers realized that awareness was not merely digital.

 

However, with the advent of virtual reality, augmented reality, and mixed reality, our models of how consciousness functions are becoming much clearer to grasp, since we now have the ability to simulate in 4 dimensions an all-encompassing environment artificially. Using VR, AR, and MR as touchstones allows us for the first time to better appreciate how our brains construct the world around us via incoming data streams. Consciousness is a forging mechanism, which by its attentional posturing enables it to fully immerse in a world of its own making, even as it remains mostly unaware of how such a magical performance occurs.

 

Simply put, we live not in an objective cosmos distinct from our interactions with it, but rather in a rendered universe, where our participation and our observations are fundamental to our interpretations of it. This becomes transparently obvious when we realize that the most sophisticated virtual reality headset known to exist is our own brain. However, by exploring manufactured VR accouterments and the varied vistas they can create, we have (perhaps for the first time in our history) the necessary tools to synthetically reconstruct how the brain perceives and interacts with reality.

 

This paper is an examination of how the advent of virtual reality changes our understanding of human consciousness and how future researches will benefit by employing its many iterations.

Prof. Mark Juergensmeyer

UC Santa Barabara

Mark Juergensmeyer is Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Global Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara, where he was founding director of the Orfalea Center for Global and International Studies. He has taught at the Berkeley, Santa Cruz and Santa Barbara campuses of the University of California and served as founding dean of Asian and Pacific Studies at the University of Hawaii. He is the recipient of Guggenheim, American Council of Learned Societies, and other fellowships, and has two honorary doctorates. He has served as President of the American Academy of Religion, and is author or editor of 30 books, including The Oxford Handbook of Global Religion, The Encyclopedia of Global Religion, God in the Tumult of the Global Square, Radhasoami Reality, Gandhi’s Way, and the award-winning Terror in the Mind of God. He received his PhD in political science from the University of California at Berkeley and a Master of Divinity from Union Theological Seminary, New York.

How can religion and science be compatible? One way of thinking about science is that it explores alternative realities—perceptions of the world that are counter to everyday experience but rooted in scientific searches for truth. In an interesting way, religion at its best does the same thing, exploring alternative realities based on perceptions of truth. This leads to the possibilities of symbiotic relationships between religion and science, rather than competitive ones. Gandhi famously amended the Christian dictum that “God is love” and proclaimed that “God is truth,” and that “truth is God.” For the word truth, Gandhi used the Sanskrit term, satya, a word that is based on the verb, “to be,” implying that truth in Gandhi’s sense is ultimate reality. The quest for satya engages both religious and scientific seekers alike.

Prof. Wolfgang J. Duschl

CAU Kiel

Born in 1958 in Munich, Germany; Professor of Astrophysics at Christiana Albertina University at Kiel; director of the Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics; affiliate member of the research faculty of Steward Observatory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, USA; Prof. h.c. of Irkutsk State University, Russia; main research interests: evolution of super-massive black holes in galactic centers, and atmospheres of exoplanets.

Indirect Time-Travel - An often surprising everyday experience in Astrophysics

 

For more than a century, modern physics has told us that the world we live in, actually may be pretty different from what we thought before to know and to see. One aspect is quantum physics, where the uncertainty principle, teleportation, entanglement, etc., seem to contradict everyday experience. There exist approaches how this may relate to consciousness. Another one is astrophysics, even well before relativistic phenomena play a role. Due to the finite value of the speed of light, in astrophysics a distance is always, at the same time, a distance in space and in time, even if the relative speeds involved are negligible. Moreover, the Universe is full of objects of all sorts and all ages. This way observing the cosmos opens a new meaning and perception of time, very different from the every-day experience. And finally, the evolution of stars uniquely defines the direction of time, though it does provide us only with a rather lousy clock.

Prof. Keith Hipel

Officer of the order of Canada

Keith W. Hipel is University Professor of Systems Design Engineering at the University of Waterloo where he is Coordinator of the Conflict Analysis Group. He is Former President of the Academy of Science within the Royal Society of Canada, Senior Fellow of the Centre for International Governance Innovation, Fellow of the Balsillie School of International Affairs, and Past-Chair of the Board of Governors of Renison University College. Dr. Hipel thoroughly enjoys mentoring students and is a recipient of the Distinguished Teacher Award, Faculty of Engineering Teaching Excellence Award, and the Award of Excellence in Graduate Supervision from the University of Waterloo, as well as the Outstanding Engineering Educator Award from IEEE Canada. His major research interests are the development of conflict resolution, multiple criteria decision analysis, time series analysis and other decision-making methodologies for addressing complex interdisciplinary system of systems engineering problems lying at the confluence of society, technology and the environment, with applications in water resources management, hydrology, environmental engineering, energy, and sustainable development. Prof. Hipel is the author or co-author of 5 books, 13 edited books, more than 346 journal papers, as well as many conference and encyclopedia articles (over 15,900 citations; H-index = 57, i10-index = 292). Dr. Hipel is the recipient of the Officer of the Order of Canada title; Killam Prize in Engineering; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Eminent Scientist Award; Joseph G. Wohl Outstanding Career Award from the IEEE Systems, Man and Cybernetics (SMC) Society; IEEE SMC Norbert Wiener Award; three Honorary Doctorate degrees (France, Hungary, Canada); Miroslaw Romanowski Medal and the Sir John William Dawson Medal (Royal Society of Canada); Ven Te Chow Award from the Environmental and Water Resources Institute, American Society of Civil Engineers; Jiangsu Friendship Medal; Engineering Medal for Research and Development from Professional Engineers Ontario; and Foreign Member designation of the National Academy of Engineering of the United States of America.

Responsible Governance in a Complex World: A System of System Engineering Design

 

An integrative and adaptive design for Responsible Governance is put forward for addressing large-scale complex problems facing society based on a System of Systems (SoS) Engineering framework that reflects the values of stakeholders using a participatory approach and achieves desirable systems goals such as resilience, sustainability and fairness, often in the presence of high uncertainty. To demonstrate that this can actually be accomplished in practice, Singapore is employed as a remarkable example in which the nation was purposefully designed according to sound Systems Engineering principles resulting in a highly respected country that brings prosperity, fairness and fulfillment to its citizens and serves as a beacon of hope for other countries to emulate. In contrast to Singapore’s success, a range of tough interconnected systems problems are described for which systems solutions are urgently needed: the failed American financial system, unfair medical systems, unreliable aging infrastructure, self-induced climate change, preparing for extreme weather conditions like hurricane Katrina, fair trade and the electrical system collapse in North America. As is explained, the underlying cause for underperformance or system collapse in these large-scale problems is a faulty value system. Accordingly, ethical system values reflecting the value systems of stakeholders, including nature and future generations, constitute the solid foundations upon which Responsible Governance is constructed. Extensive research is urgently needed for developing a comprehensive theoretical structure for System of Systems Engineering for suitably solving current and emerging complex systems problems in the face of widespread uncertainty.

INVITED TALKS

Dr. Dayal Pyari Srivastava

Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra IN

Dr. Dayal Pyari Srivastava is Assistant Professor at Department of Physics and Computer Science, DEI. She obtained her Bachelor’s degree in Physics and Master’s degree in Electronics from Dayalbagh Educational Institute. She obtained her Ph.D. on the topic “Graph Theoretic Quantum Field / System Modelling for Quantum Information / Computation Circuits and Algorithms” as a joint research scholar between DEI and IIT Delhi. She has been actively involved in physics education for over 20 years and has vast experience of science education.

Dr. Srivastava has delivered talks all over the world including University of Waterloo, Christian Albrechts University, Kiel, University of Arizona, Tucson and University of Helsinki, Finland. She has won numerous awards and honours. One of her invited papers was recently published in the Special Issue on Quantum Computing of Computer Society of India and three others in the International Journal of General Systems. She won the Best Paper Presentation Award in the Session on Quantum and Nano Information Systems at the Joint International Conference on Applied Systems Research and XXXIII National Systems Conference. She received the R.K. Varshney Award of Systems Society of India at the 40th National Systems Conference on November 4, 2016 for exceptional contributions to systems science, application, and technology. She has co-authored a book entitled “Quantum Information Systems” published by McGraw Hill Education. Her research interests include topological graph-theoretic modelling of quantum systems and theory of many things

Intuition, Emotionally Aesthetic Experience, and Effect of Meditation from Early Childhood: Some Research Initiatives

 

Dr. Dayal Pyari Srivastava’s talk covers three experimental studies conducted either under her supervision or in collaboration with her colleagues. With a passing reference to the question as to whether or not there exists a potential danger of superintelligent computers overtaking the human race, she moves on to share the findings of her research work concerning intuition, aesthetic emotion and effect of meditation on young chidren.

 

Her findings support the view that intuitive decisions are more often correct, than not, and that such decisions are taken with much higher accuracy. Her research indicates the importance of aesthetic emotions in positive brain activity.  Further, the study of effect of meditation on youg children, aged     3-4 years, indicates a positive impact of meditation on emotional balance and organ imbalance due to interaction between the right and left hemispheres of the human brain.

Dr. Bani Dayal Dhir

Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra IN

Dr. Bani Dayal Dhir is Assistant Professor at the Department of English Studies, Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed University)Agra, India. Recipient of the prestigious Director’s medal in BA Hons.(English), MA (English) and M.Phil.(English )programmes, her primary research interests include Literature , Theory and Consciousness studies. Her research endeavours are highly interdisciplinary in nature. Some of her notable contributions include “Graph Theoretic Field Modelling for Multi- Dimensional Literary Systems” (M.Phil. dissertation), “A Study of Emergentism and High End Complexity in Complex Literary Systems” (Ph.D. thesis). In recognition of her contribution to research in Systems Theory and literature, the Systems Society of India (SSI) honoured her with the National Young Systems Scientist award in 2009 and conferred its prestigious Raj Kumar Varshney award in 2017. She has travelled widely and has presented papers at various international and national conferences and won several best paper awards. As the Joint coordinator of Centre for Consciousness Studies, DEI from 2011- 17, she organized ‘East –West Forum’ for integrating the Eastern and the Western perspectives of consciousness at the annual international conference “The Science of Consciousness” organized by the Centre for Consciousness Studies, University of Arizona, USA. She has to her credit several research publications and creative non-fiction and poems in national and international journals. As the coordinator of (iNFORMATION- cOMMUNICATION-nEURO- cOGNITIVE-) Technologies Assisted Language Lab, (i-c-n-c-) TALL, DEI, she has developed a state of the art multilingual digital language laboratory cum research centre.

Rabindranath Tagore’s Poetic System Gitanjali : A Systemic Devotional Voyage

Have you not heard His silent steps? He comes, comes, ever comes. Every moment and every age, every day and every night... 

-Rabindranath Tagore 

Most Revered Prof. Prem Saran Satsangi Sahab, internationally renowned systems scientist, redefines literature: 

Literary systems are perceived (intuitive) systems which largely belong to the typology of human activity systems rather than other types such as natural systems, designed physical systems or designed abstract systems. 

The paper marks a shift from the application of abstract subjective traditional literary models of study towards interdisciplinarity , synthesis, scientific coherence and expansionism in the domain of literature. The applicational study intends to give a glimpse of how the Systems Theory, based on the Aristotelian premise of “whole is more than the sum of its parts” can be employed as an interpretive framework to capture the essence of rich Tagorian vision, the unfathomable truth and the stylistic splendour of Gitanjali. 

The paper draws upon the new definition of literature given by Most Revered Prof. Prem Saran Satsangi Sahab from the Systems perspective and appropriates Gitanajli as an “Intuitive Poetic System”. 

Gitanjali, is a collection of poems or songs by Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore. The original Bengali collection had 157 poems, which was published in 1910. Tagore translated them into English prose lyrics and titled Gitanjali or “Song Offerings” for which he won the coveted Nobel Prize in 1913, becoming the first Asian to receive this honour. Gitanjali , called Song offerings, captures Indian spiritualism and its timeless wisdom of sages which springs solely from ‘unshakable devotion to God’. Tagore beautifully conveyed to the West, and, in fact, to the entire world, through this celebrated work that this universe has been created out of pure love by the Supreme Creator and it is our love for each other laced with peace, justice and freedom that will sustain it. 

The paper looks at Gitanjali as a manifestation of Tagore’s bhakti consciousness and re- interprets the ‘intuitive poetic system’ from the perspective of Radhasoami Spiritual Philosophy.

PremP

Ms. Prem Pyari Dayal

Prem Vidyalaya Girls' Intermediate College, DEI, Agra IN

Mrs. Prem Pyari Dayal received the B.A. degree from University of Delhi in 1980, the M.A degree in Psychology and the B.Ed. degree from the Dayalbagh Educational Institute, Agra, in 1982 and 1984, respectively. Since 2009, she has been an honorary Lecturer in DEI Prem Vidyalaya Girls Intermediate College, Dayalbagh, Agra, India. Her research interest is in the science of consciousness.

Karmas as Dynamically Evolving n-Qudit Contextuality Based Quantum Entangled States and the Necessity of Satguru to Attain Salvation

 

The gracious object of creation, according to Eastern wisdom, is to provide opportunity to conscious entities (spirit-forces) embodied in the covers of mind and matter (the human form), to eradicate their karmas (actions) and get purified according to the Penal Law of Creation, and thereby get emancipated to return to the original state of pure consciousness, i.e., its reservoir, the Supreme Being.

 

All human beings take birth on account of three kinds of actions or karmas, namely, Kriyaman, Prarabdh and Sanchit. Kriyaman are acts performed by a person in the present life, and the consequences of a greater part of these are borne in the present life. Prarabdh are acts performed in the past or present life, the consequences of which are to be reaped in the present life. Sanchit or unripe acts are performed in the past and present lives, the result of which is experienced in future lives.

 

 Mind is extremely subtle matter and the two impressions, (i) those produced by external objects when they come into contact with the senses, and (ii) those produced by desires and various thoughts and ideas springing up from time to time in the mind, whether strong or feeble are scrupulously preserved in Manakasa (mind-sky). The impressions are reproduced by the association of complete attention with the impressions an entity has received, making it act entirely in accordance with the nature of those impressions, even when they are extremely feeble and even when they are not intelligible. These acts react upon the Manakasa, and by complete association of attention with them, can again constitute centers of future action.

 

Embodied consciousness in the human form, which is a spirit, mind and matter complex, keeps accumulating and getting entangled in innumerable karmas, which keep it confined to the cycle of birth and death. Karmas can only be eradicated and salvation achieved, by the grace, mercy and guidance of the Satguru (adept), who is in communion with the Supreme Being and Shabda, the primordial spiritual sound current. Selfless actions conforming to the instructions of the Satguru that are according to the will of the Supreme Being, ensure progress to higher spiritual planes during meditation and eradication of karmas. Adi Karma, the primeval downward tendency to associate 2 with mind and matter is the root cause, which is destroyed through the meditational practice in Radhasoami Faith, which involves Sumiran (internal repetition of the divine name) and Dhyana (contemplation) of the Satguru, who projects His spirituality and love of the Supreme Being, pulling up with a stronger contrary force that overcomes the resistance of Adi Karma, thereby enabling the embodied consciousness to attain salvation.

 

In this paper, an attempt has been made to integrate Eastern and Western perspectives, to provide a scientific quantum cognitive theory of the dynamics of karmas, based on the recently proposed topological graph theoretic n-qudit contextuality based multi-particle quantum teleportation modeling framework. Embodied consciousness can be envisaged to be in quantum entanglement with innumerable thoughts, desires, objects and other conscious entities, forming n-qudits in the mental domain, increasing with time (n tending to infinity) and dynamically changing form, subject to non-commutability and irreversibility of actions and the law of causality.

 

Good or bad karmas are inherently based on contextuality of judgements and decisions, which can be captured by the interference effect in quantum theory. The context generated by making the first judgement or decision interferes with subsequent ones to produce order effects, such that judgements and decisions are non-commutative and create future potential. They give rise to propensities, dispositions and qualia that arise out of the decision-making history of each unit of consciousness in the universe, which generates its own karmas and affects others. All units of consciousness are fractal replications of the Universal Consciousness and also entangled with the origin.

 

Hence, quantum entanglement with the Satguru, the pure consciousness, subtler than the mental states and of much higher dimension, whose true form is Shabda (spiritual sound current), is necessary. Only by being non-judgmental, retaining the indeterminate (superposition) state and being completely subservient to the interventions of the quantum entangled Satguru (akin to intermediary supervisor in conventional quantum teleportation), can prompt changes in the appropriate entangled states, resulting in predictable changes in karmas and the state of an individual. Attention is an important cognitive function for conscious perception. Focusing attention on the Satguru during meditation by subverting all other entanglements, enables Satguru to teleport the consciousness of an individual to higher states beyond those of the subtle mind, mitigate the effect of karmas, and help in attaining salvation.

Dr. Apurva Narayan

University of Waterloo

Dr. Apurva Narayan is Assistant Professor in the Department of Computer Science at the University of British Columbia and Adjunct Assistant Professor in the Systems Design Engineering Department, University of Waterloo, Canada. He obtained Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering from Dayalbagh Educational Institute in 2008 and Ph.D. from the Department of Systems Design Engineering, University of Waterloo in 2015. Dr. Narayan’s research interests lie at the interface of data science, safety-critical systems, systems theory, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. He has authored more than 35 peer-reviewed publications in ACM and IEEE conferences and journals and has been invited to deliver guest lectures at premier universities around the world. He currently leads the Data Science and Artificial Intelligence Group jointly at both UBC and UW. He was the lead organizer of the Landmark First International Conference on Dayalbagh Science of Consciousness, DSC 2019 jointly organized by DEI and University of Waterloo under their MoU for joint research in September 2019. He was conferred the Young Systems Scientist Award by Systems Society of India at QANSAS 2017 and Varshney Award at QANSAS 2019.

Topological Graph Theoretic Modeling and Signal Processing for MEG/EEG

Our work presents an approach for Topological Graph Theoretic modeling and Graph Signal Processing for EEG/MEG data for infants and toddlers (under the supermen evolutionary scheme of Dayalbagh) to understand evolving brain characteristics. The frequency domain analysis on the EEG/MEG data is employed to obtain characteristics of the graphs connectivity of the brain. We adopt three methods to define intra-band connectivity graphs: correlation (functional connectivity), distance (physical distance), and random (Erdos-Renyi random graphs). We are evaluating the graph connectivity patterns for various personality traits. Preliminary analysis shows that the graphs for infants and toddlers in the selected category are modular and have strong connections between the modules. We are in the process of establishing a formal proof that graph signal analysis of the MEG/EEG data reveals the same model of connectivity with varying characteristics as the hierarchical quantum Hopfield network model.

ORAL PRESENTATIONS

D.Geeta Prem Chandoo

"Neural Correlates of Ultra-Transcendental Meditation Verifies a Frequency Hierarchy."

Rajkumar Mathur

"Theory of Spiritual Dynamics."

Smita Sehgal

"Dharma Consciousness of Dharmaputra Yudhishthira within the Mahabharata: Perceptions and Challenges."

Swati Idnani

"Dayalbagh Way Of Life: Manifestation Of An Open Systems Approach To Spiritual Consciousness."

Pooja Sahni

"Neurophysiological Framework For Emergence Of The Human Values From Nature Stimulated Mindfulness Practice: An Experimental Study."

Sanjay Srivastava

"Neuroplasticity To Comprehend The Scientific Manifestation Of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome."

Shiroman Prakash

"Towards Quantum Mechanics With Fuzzy Outcomes."

Runjhun Narayan

"A DNA-Based Biosensor For Measuring Consciousness"

Surat Priya Sethi

'Spiritual Consciousness Scale (Scs-Sia Test): Construction And Validation."

Hari Har Parshad Cohly

"A hypothetical model of the MIND"

Gurpyari Bhatnagar

"Contemporary Literature: Discrediting Logos And Transcendental Signifiers"

Anjoo Bhatnagar

"10 Years Of Dayalbagh Holistic Medical Camps Transforming The Impoverished:Impact Assessment On Village Children"

POSTER PRESENTATIONS

Ami Chopra

"Superhuman Race Instilling Values In Artificially Intelligent Machines Through Super Intuition Endowed By Divine Grace: A Comprehensive Study Conducted On The Superman Scheme Graduates"

Kanta Arora

"Approach To The Mystery Of Consciousness Options Before Seekers Of Ultimate Truth."

Toran Talwar

"Need Based Analysis Of Developing Spiritual Consciousness Of Professional Students: An Empirical Study On College Students."

Muskaan Kapoor

"Sigma Six Qualities, Values & Attributes: The Ultimate Paradigm For The Ontogenesis Of The Homo-Spiritualis"

Anubha Parashar

"The Musical Instruments And All Mystic Sounds, Influencing Our Emotions And Leading Us To Higher Regions Of Consciousness."

Anmol Saran

"Effect Of Intuitive Guidance Based On Higher Consciousness On Decision Making"

Pranay Bhatnagar

"Wildlife Photography: A Means To Drive The Collective Consciousness Of Humans Towards Conservation Biology"

Sanjay Prasad

"Countering The Distance Decay Phenomena By Adopting A Virtual Presence"

Jyoti Swami

"Comparative Study Of The Metaphysical Expressions Used In The Parables Of Jesus And Poetic Works Of Param Guru Soamijimaharaj"

PROGRAMME SCHEDULE

Time (in waterloo) time (in india) duration Speaker
7:00 – 7.25 am
4.30 – 4.55 pm
25 mins

Prof. Wolfgang Duschl, CAU, Kiel

"Indirect time travel – an often surprising everyday experience in astrophysics." (Pre-conference talk)

7.30 – 7.40 am
5.00 – 5.10 pm
10 mins
Welcome
7.40 – 7.50 am
5.10 – 5.20 pm
10 mins

Remarks by Mrs. Barbara Ellis, assisted by her daughter Ms. Carolyn/Ms. Andrea

7.50 – 8.10 am
5.20 – 5.40 pm
20 mins

Prof. Peter Roe, Emeritus Chair (West), DSC 2020

"Some Questions about Consciousness."

8.10 – 8.35 am
5.40 – 6.05 pm
25 mins

Prof. Anirban Bandyopadhyay, NIMS, Japan
"A space-time-topology-prime-metric for analyzing the self-operational system."

8.35 – 9.00 am
6.05 – 6.30 pm
25 mins

Prof. Elizabeth Behrman, Wichita State Univ.

"A quantum hybrid neural network for universal computation."

9.00 – 9.50 am
6.30 – 7.20 pm
50 mins

Vision Talk - Most Revered Chairman ACE & Emeritus Chair (East), DSC 2020 Dayalbagh

(TOWARDS EVOLUTIONARY)

Science of Consciousness

9.50 – 10.00 am
7.20 – 7.30 PM
10 mins
BREAK
10.00 – 11.00 am
7.30 – 8.30 PM
60 mins

Remarks by The President (DEI & RS Sabha, Dayalbagh, Sponsoring Body of DEI). 

Panel Discussion (Moderator: President, Sponsoring Body and President, DEI)

Consensus building for DSC 2021 (Director, DEI)

11.00 – 11.25 am
8.30 – 8.55 PM
25 mins

Prof. Mark Juergensmeyer, UC Santa Barabara

"Exploring Alternative Realities."

11.25 – 12.25 pm
8.55 – 9.55 PM
60 mins
Short Talks by (i) Dr. Dayal Pyari Srivastava, DEI (ii) Dr. Bani Dayal Dhir, DEI (iii) Dr. Apurva Narayan, UW (iv) Ms. Prem Pyari Dayal, DEI PV
12.25 – 12.35 pm
9.55 – 10.05 PM
10 mins
Break
12.35 – 1.00 pm
10.05 – 10.30 PM
25 mins

Prof. Anna Horatschek, CAU Kiel

"´Oh Adam. This is virtue gone nuts.´ Non-Human Robot Ethics and Human Consciousness in Ian McEwan´s Machines Like Me (2019)"

1.00 – 1.25 pm
10.30 – 10.55 PM
25 mins

Prof. Keith W. Hipel, Officer of the Order of Canada.

"Responsible Governance in a ComplexWorld: A System of Systems Engineering Design."

1.25 – 1.50 pm
10.55 – 11.20 PM
25 mins

Prof. David Christopher Lane, Mt. San Antonio College

"The Rendered Universe: Why Virtual Reality Unlocks the Secret of Consciousness."

1.50 – 2.15 pm
11.20 – 11.45 PM
25 mins

Prof. Andrea Diem Lane, Mt. San Antonio College

"A Many-Sided Brain: The Jainist Approach for Studying Consciousness."

2:15 – 2.40 pm
11.45 – 12.10 AM
25 mins

Prof. Rocco Gennaro, Univ. of Southern Indiana

"Self or No-Self?"

2.40 – 2.50 pm
12.10 – 12.20 AM
10 mins
Break
2.50 – 4.50 pm
12.20 – 2.20 AM
120 mins
ORAL PRESENTATIONS
4.50 – 5.50 pm
2.20 – 3.20 AM
60 mins
POSTER PRESENTATIONS

For more details, contact us at dsc.deidb@dei.ac.in